02 Perform Vehicle Inspections

Performance Skill Standard:

Conditions of Performance:

  • Given a typical tractor-trailer truck and a trip…

Statement of Work to be performed:

  • …The driver will conduct pre-trip, enroute, and post-trip inspections.

Performance Criteria:

  • Inspect and make a correct determination of the condition of various critical vehicle components, including instruments and controls; engine and drive train; chassis and suspension; steering system, braking system; tires; wheels and rims; lighting and signaling system; emergency equipment; and cargo securing device(s).
  • Perform pre-trip inspections in a regular, systematic sequence that is accurate, uniform, and time efficient.
  • Perform en route inspections by checking mirrors for signs of trouble; checking connections, hoses, and gauges; monitoring instruments and looking, listening and feeling for indications of malfunctions.
  • Make periodic roadside stop inspections of critical items; and meeting en route requirements for transporting various cargoes.
  • Perform post-trip inspections by making accurate notes of actual and suspected component abnormalities or malfunctions that occurred during the trip using a Vehicle Condition Report (V.CR.).
  • Refuse to operate a vehicle found to be in unsafe (for vehicle, drivers, and other road users) operating condition, either prior to a trip or en route.

Performance Elements and Assessment Criteria:

Perform pre-trip inspections in a regular, systematic sequence that is accurate, uniform, and time efficient.

Why do a pre-trip?

  • Company policy
  • DOT Guidelines
  • Safety
  • Time & Hassle

Inspect and determine the condition of critical vehicle components including:

  • Instruments and controls.
  • Engine and drive train.
  • Chassis and suspension.
  • Steering system.
  • Braking system.
  • Coupling system.
  • Emergency equipment.
  • Cargo securing devices.

Perform en route inspections:

  • Check mirrors for signs of trouble.
  • Monitor instruments.
  • Look, listen, and feel for malfunctions.
  • Make periodic roadside inspections of critical components.

Perform post-trip inspections:

  • Make accurate notes of actual and suspected component abnormalities or malfunctions.

The Purpose of the Pre Trip Safety Check

A thorough pre-trip inspection is one of the most important tasks you will perform as a driver. It is the best form of preventive maintenance you have. By constantly checking your equipment, you can become aware of a minor problem before it becomes a major difficulty. Conducting a proper safety check can save costly expenditures of time and money. By keeping a preventive eye on your equipment, you can maintain maximum efficiency and utilization of company equipment and will be able to use your time more productively.

The key to a thorough inspection is to have a systematic approach that you use each time.

As a driver for Knight, your primary concern is safety. Safety will be continually emphasized throughout your career with us. There are many aspects of safety, such as:

  • Non-Driving Accidents
  • These are usually related to lifting and getting in and out of the tractor and trailer.
  • Driving Accidents
  • Highway accidents usually occur at faster speeds and can result in more severe injury and higher loss.

Areas of Risk:

  • Backing – highest frequency accidents.
  • Turning – highest off-road accident in frequency
  • Lane change – highest in injury and dollar loss.
  • Tailgating – not allowing enough stopping distance.
  • Passing – It is an art.
  • Speed control.
  • Downhill braking.

Accident Prevention:

  • Recognize the hazard.
  • Smith System©
    1. Aim high in steering
    2. Get the big picture
    3. Keep your eyes moving
    4. Leave yourself an out
    5. Make sure they see you
  • G.O.A.L.
    • Get Out And Look
  • Understand the defense.
  • get S.M.A.R.T.
    • Safe speed for conditions at all times
    • Maintain a safe following distance at all times
    • Avoid driving while distracted
    • Resist driving if too fatigued to drive safely
    • Take your time and Get Out And Look before backing or parking
  • Act correctly in Time.
  • Preventive maintenance.