13 Identify Potential Driving Hazards and Perform Emergency Maneuvers

Performance Skill Standard:

Conditions of Performance:

  • Given a typical tractor-trailer rig, a trip, and any of a number of potential problems…

Statement of Work to be performed:

  • …The driver will recognize the potential dangers in the driving environment and take appropriate action(s) before the dangers develop into emergency situations, or respond appropriately to an emergency.

Performance Criteria:

  • Identify road conditions and other road users that are a potential threat to the safety of the tractor-trailer.
  • Suggest appropriate adjustments, as indicated by passing a written test on the topic or demonstrating skill.
  • Explain causes of and techniques to avoid skid and jackknife.
  • Explain how to deal with skid.
  • Demonstrate through proper speed and space management and proper acceleration and braking techniques he/she should be able to avoid a skid.

Performance Elements and Assessment Criteria:

  • Perceive immediately a potential threat from visible characteristics and actions of other road users, road conditions, and the environment.
  • Match and initiate prompt defensive or evasive action.
  • Use proper evasive steering techniques.
  • Practice good visual search techniques.
  • Identify and explain situations where skids and jackknifes are likely.
  • Use brakes in a manner that will stop the vehicle in the shortest possible distance while maintaining directional control.
  • Over-steer and counter-steer out of a skid in a way that will regain directional control and not produce another skid.
  • Operate brakes properly to provide maximum braking without loss of control.
  • Judge maximum safe speed for slippery surface conditions.
  • Deal with blowout with proper steering and stopping.