13 Identify Potential Driving Hazards and Perform Emergency Maneuvers
Performance Skill Standard:
Conditions of Performance:
Given a typical tractor-trailer rig, a trip, and any of a number of potential problems…
Statement of Work to be performed:
…The driver will recognize the potential dangers in the driving environment and take appropriate action(s) before the dangers develop into emergency situations, or respond appropriately to an emergency.
Identify road conditions and other road users that are a potential threat to the safety of the tractor-trailer.
Suggest appropriate adjustments, as indicated by passing a written test on the topic or demonstrating skill.
Explain causes of and techniques to avoid skid and jackknife.
Explain how to deal with skid.
Demonstrate through proper speed and space management and proper acceleration and braking techniques he/she should be able to avoid a skid.
Performance Elements and Assessment Criteria:
Perceive immediately a potential threat from visible characteristics and actions of other road users, road conditions, and the environment.
Match and initiate prompt defensive or evasive action.
Use proper evasive steering techniques.
Practice good visual search techniques.
Identify and explain situations where skids and jackknifes are likely.
Use brakes in a manner that will stop the vehicle in the shortest possible distance while maintaining directional control.
Over-steer and counter-steer out of a skid in a way that will regain directional control and not produce another skid.
Operate brakes properly to provide maximum braking without loss of control.
Judge maximum safe speed for slippery surface conditions.
Deal with blowout with proper steering and stopping.